Citing & Referencing
Popular citation styles
The basic principles of referencing stay the same no matter what discipline you are writing within -- you must acknowledge your sources. What can and does change is the style of the references (or citations), that is, the way that your sources are presented.
Click the tab that corresponds to the referencing style that you are using or want to find out more about. Different disciplines use different citation styles and most Schools have a preferred style. Check with your School or consult your course handbook if you aren’t sure which style to use.
Harvard is a very popular style, used in cases across the sciences, social sciences and business. Harvard formatting can actually vary, which can be confusing. Check with your instructor for specific requirements, and remember to be consistent with your formatting throughout your document.
Below are some links to some useful Harvard referencing resources.
Cite it Right Harvard 2016 4th ed.A guide to Harvard referencing by the Glucksman Library at the University of Limerick
Used in the languages and humanities.
Purdue OWL MLA Style guideLink to the Purdue OWL's MLA style guide, for the MLA 8th edition.
MLA 7th edition EasyBib GuideMLA 7 Reference Guide
MLA handbook, 8th ed., printOur catalogue holdings for the MLA handbook, including the latest currently on our shelves.
Used in psychology, as well as widely across the social sciences, including sociology and economics.
Curtin APA GuideAmerican Psychological Association (APA) Guide from Curtin University, Australia. User friendly Guide APA style with printable version.
Purdue OWL APA Style guidePurdue OWL's guide to APA style.
ACS style is often used by Chemistry researchers. Chapter 14 of their style guide is about referencing.
IEEE is used widely by researchers in Engineering.
Used in the humanities, social sciences and elsewhere.
Chicago-Style Citation Quick GuideThis guide from Chicago's 16th edition includes sample citations for some of the more common citation types, and includes tabbed navigation between the Notes and Bibliography versus Author-Date systems.
Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed (print)The library has the full Chicago Manual of Style in print, see the Humanities and Social Sciences reference stacks at call number 808.027. Link to the catalogue entry, which has further information about the manual.
Published by the Faculty of Law at Oxford University, now on its 4th edition.
OSCOLA home pageSupport materials here include a quick reference guide as well as links to a pdf of the Standard itself.
The MHRA style guide is used in the humanities.
MHRA Style GuideThe MHRA Style Guide page includes links to a pdf of the Guide itself, as well as a quick guide to the main features of MHRA style.
Citation guidelines for Current Opinion in Cell Biology can be found in the journal's Author information pack (linked as a pdf), see page 10 for citation guidelines.
House referencing guidelines
Some schools or disciplines on campus will use their own house style for their referencing and citation. You'll find some of those here, we will try for as complete a collection as possible!
For guidelines on citation format in the discipline of History, see their Stylesheet and Guidelines for Written Assignments. Scroll to the section beginning page 6 on Formatting your Footnotes and Bibliography.
- Last Updated: Jul 7, 2022 12:46 PM
- URL: https://libguides.library.nuigalway.ie/CitingReferencing
- Print Page