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Citing & Referencing: Understanding plagiarism

This guide covers the basics of citing & referencing, includes a collection of links to different styles, and discusses plagiarism, what it is, and how to avoid it.

A definition

Proper and rigorous citation and referencing practices go a long way to combating plagiarism. Citing a work is how you let your readers know what ideas are those that come from elsewhere that you are building upon, rather than those emerging from your own critical and creative thinking.

Plagiarism in the news

Types of Plagiarism

Here's one way of conceptualizing different types of plagiarism, from

Plagiarism spectrumAvailable:


From the print collection