Attribution and credit for research outputs also applies to research data. Data citation provides the information necessary to locate, attribute and access the research data, also enabling it to verified or reused.
Benefits of data citation
Facilitates a link from publications to underlying data
Ensures recognition of scholarly effort
Increases transparency of research
Enables the measurement of impact
Facilitates access to and re-use of data
A Persistent Identifier should be included in the citation:
DOI (Digital Object Identifier) unique, alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location. DOIs may be assigned to any item of intellectual property that is defined by structured metadata
ARK (Archival Resource Key) an URL designed to support long-term access to information objects. An ARK can refer to digital, physical, or intangible objects or living beings and groups
ADVICE: Use the Library's DOI service to obtain a DOI for a dataset.
A dataset citation should include where applicable:
Author/Principal Investigator/Data Creator
Publication date/Release Date, for a completed dataset
Title of Data Source – formal title of the dataset
Version/Edition Number – the version of the dataset used in the study
Format of the Data – physical format of the data
Persistent Identifier - such as a DOI
Location or Identifier – a persistent URL where the dataset may be accessed e.g., Digital Object Identifiers (DOI), Handles, Archival Resource Key (ARK), etc.
Access Date and Time – when data is accessed online
Subset of Data Used – description based on organization of the larger dataset
Editor or Contributor – reference to a person who compiled data, or performed value-added functions
Publication Place – city and state and country of the distributor of the data
Data within a Larger Work – refers to the use of data in a compilation or a data supplement (such as published in a peer-reviewed paper)
Web of Science includes the Data Citation Index to research data from repositories across disciplines and around the world. You can access it from the Library catalogue. It indexes data and provides links to repositories where it is stored. Click here for short tutorial on the Data Citation Index
Scopus searches include simultaneous searches for relevant research data and the search results page includes dataset results. Read more about this feature on the Scopus blog.